Chinese Mahjong: The Quintessence of a Millennium-Old Game
Chinese Mahjong Games Free Download: How to Play and Enjoy the Classic Tile Game on Your Device
If you are looking for a fun, relaxing, and challenging game to play on your device, you might want to try Chinese mahjong games. Mahjong is a classic tile game that originated in China and has been enjoyed by millions of people around the world for centuries. In this article, we will tell you everything you need to know about mahjong, how to download and install Chinese mahjong games on your device, and how to play and enjoy them.
What is Mahjong and Why is it Popular?
Mahjong is a game that involves matching pairs of tiles with the same symbols or characters on them. The tiles are usually arranged in a rectangular layout on a table or a board, and the players take turns to pick up and discard tiles until they form a complete hand of four sets and one pair. The sets can be either three identical tiles (called pungs), three consecutive tiles of the same suit (called chows), or four identical tiles (called kongs). The suits are circles, bamboos, characters, winds, dragons, flowers, and seasons. There are also special tiles that can act as wild cards or bonus points.
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The Origin and History of Mahjong
The exact origin of mahjong is unclear, but it is believed that it evolved from ancient Chinese card games that used paper money as cards. Some historians trace it back to the Song dynasty (960-1279), while others suggest it was invented during the Qing dynasty (1644-1912). The game became popular among the nobility and the common people alike, and spread to other countries such as Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and Southeast Asia. In the early 20th century, mahjong was introduced to the West by Chinese immigrants and travelers, and gained popularity in Europe and America. Today, mahjong is played in various forms and variations around the world, with different rules, scoring systems, tile sets, and number of players.
The Rules and Objectives of Mahjong
The basic rules of mahjong are similar across different versions, but there may be some variations depending on the region, culture, or personal preference. The common rules are as follows:
The game is usually played by four players, each sitting at one side of the table or the board. Each player is assigned a wind direction (east, south, west, or north) at the beginning of the game.
The tiles are shuffled and stacked face down on the table or the board. Each player takes a certain number of tiles (usually 13) to form their initial hand. The remaining tiles form the draw pile or the wall.
The player who is assigned the east wind starts the game by drawing a tile from the draw pile or the wall. They can either keep the tile if it helps them form a set or a pair, or discard it face up in the center of the table or the board. Then, the next player in clockwise order can either pick up the discarded tile if it helps them form a set or a pair, or draw a new tile from the draw pile or the wall. This process continues until one player declares a win or there are no more tiles left in the draw pile or the wall.
A player declares a win when they have formed a complete hand of four sets and one pair. They must reveal their hand and announce their score. The score is calculated based on the type and value of the sets. Some examples of sets are:
Pung of circles
Pung of dragons
Kong of bamboos
Chow of characters
Pair of winds
The player with the highest score wins the game. If there is a tie, the player with the east wind wins. If no one declares a win, the game is a draw and the tiles are reshuffled and dealt again.<